In general, protecting your skin against the sun and insects means using lotions and sprays. The sun’s rays can damage the skin and cause premature aging and cancer. Insect bites, on the other hand, are not only uncomfortable, but are increasingly associated with diseases.
Dermatologists recommend the use of 28 grams of sunscreen to cover the entire body before sun exposure and also beware of ultraviolet rays. However, although sunscreen is suitable for skin protection, there are several natural products, both oral and topical that has been shown to help protect the skin from the sun and have natural properties to repel insects.
8 Remedies to take care of your skin from the sun and insects
Natural remedies to protect from the sun
Japanese researchers have found evidence that there are antioxidants in some edible algae that can help protect the skin against the development of wrinkles when exposed to ultraviolet B (UV) light. A study in 2011 in animals found that the use of antioxidants derived from algae topically reduces markers that cause cancer.
The fucoxanthin is an antioxidant found in brown seaweed varieties and a type of carotenoid. Because algae have to be protected from UV radiation, since they grow in a marine environment, researchers believe that this protection can be transferred to humans who use it or use it topically.
Like algae, tomatoes also contain antioxidants in the carotenoid family. Studies call the carotenoids “ photoprotective “, which means that it contains a compound that helps living organisms fight the damage caused by the sun’s ultraviolet light .
The tomatoes provide lycopene is very important, as is the plant compound that gives tomatoes their red color and is related to protecting the skin from UV rays. Another particularly fascinating thing about tomatoes is that when they cook they provide even more bioavailable lycopene to your body. Therefore, it is good to incorporate canned varieties of tomatoes or other products derived from it into your diet.
On the other hand, there are studies that show that the intake of 8 mg to 16 mg a day of a supplement of licópeno , including that from tomatoes or tomato paste, showed that it provides some protection against burns during UV exposure.
The beta – carotene is found in orange vegetables like pumpkin or sweet potato and fruits like apricots and cantaloupe. It accumulates in the skin of people who consume it at higher levels and it is beneficial for the immune system and eyes, but it has also been shown to protect our skin against redness and damage by radiation from the sun and possibly to protect against it. Premature aging, including wrinkles, pigmentation, dryness and lack of elasticity.
Beta-carotene is different from topical sunscreens, which provide less protection. The recommended intake of beta-carotene supplements ranging from 25 mg to 180 mg for 10 to 12 weeks, have been shown to reduce redness of the skin after exposure, although it should be noted that studies have not shown a benefit in the prevention of skin cancer or skin pigmentation.
It has been shown that the antioxidant in green tea called catechin protects against inflammation associated with sunburn and UV rays. In a small study in humans in which participants were given 540 mg of green tea catechins combined with 50 mg of vitamin C for 12 weeks, the researchers observed a significant decrease in redness after ultraviolet exposure. Another study in which participants consumed green tea for 12 weeks, also saw an improvement in the redness associated with sun exposure.
Make sure to stay hydrated and include green tea or extract of it in your diet, without forgetting that the adequate protection for the skin is still sunscreen.
Melatonin is a hormone composed largely of the body by the pineal gland (found in the brain), which helps us sleep; although recent research has shown that melatonin is present in other parts of the body, including the skin.
Some people use melatonin orally as an aid to sleep or to adapt to the change of time when traveling. In addition, there is evidence that topical melatonin plays an important role in helping to protect the skin against UV radiation and other types of environmental stress through antioxidant activity.
However, it should be clarified that many of the studies conducted on melatonin to protect from the sun are made in conjunction with other topical antioxidant vitamins, such as E and C.
Be sure to talk with your doctor before starting a treatment with a product such as melatonin to verify that you are not interacting with other medications you are taking.
6.Vitamins C and E
Plants can protect themselves from UV sun damage through the presence of antioxidants, especially vitamins C and E found in leaves and stems. When used topically in humans or animals, some combinations of these vitamins offer some protection against redness and damage from sun exposure.
Taking vitamin C and E together orally has shown some reduction in the redness of ultraviolet rays, in addition vitamin C is used topically with vitamin E and melatonin having similar positive results when applied before UV exposure (not during or after).
You can be supplied with vitamin C with the consumption of red peppers, strawberries, broccoli, papaya and pineapple, among many other fruits and fresh vegetables. For his part, sunflower seeds, almonds, spinach, beets and avocados are good sources of vitamin E.
A study in 2004 found that topical application of celery extract provided three hours of protection against mosquitoes, was well tolerated on the skin and did not cause irritation. Multiple studies have shown that celery extract works in a manner comparable to DEET (the most common ingredient used in repellents).
You must bear in mind that these studies have been done with topical applications, so eating celery is probably not going to help repel insects; however, celery is a very healthy food so we recommend you to also eat it to benefit from others. His properties.
8.Natural and essential oils
Studies show that lemon eucalyptus oils and other vegetable oils such as lavender, citronella or cinnamon may be possible non-toxic alternatives for DEET, which is found in insect repellents to prevent mosquito and tick bites. Previous studies have shown that although lemon eucalyptus oil is slightly less effective than DEET, it can still function relatively well as a repellent.
Because essential oils are volatile or of short duration, their protection is more powerful at the first hour of application.