Like so many health terms, cholesterol is a very important issue that you must know to be able to take all the necessary precautions.
Cholesterol exists in our body because it is responsible for transporting fats in the blood cells, but when your body generates an excessive amount of fats due to a bad diet or a genetic disease, these cells transform into plaques generating an obstruction in the arteries. , thus causing heart disease. For this reason it is important to know more about what cholesterol really is and what you should take into account to prevent it.
4 Realities that you should know about cholesterol
1.Your body needs cholesterol, but not in excess
Your body generates all the cholesterol it needs, but the food you eat can increase or decrease the amount of cholesterol in your blood. There are two special conditions related to cholesterol that you should keep in mind:
- Hypocholesterolemia : also called low cholesterol , is an irregular disorder that usually occurs in people with malnutrition, chronic anemia, liver diseases, or genetic diseases.
- Hypercholesterolemia : also known as high cholesterol , is a disorder in which the accumulation of plaques in the arteries called atherosclerosis develops .
The plaque that builds up in the arteries is a combination of cholesterol, fat and calcium, making it difficult to circulate the blood. Depending on where the buildup occurs, it can cause coronary diseases such as blockage in the carotid artery or cause peripheral arterial disease.
This type of disease has no age and can affect young people and adults alike. If you have moderately high cholesterol levels over a long period of time, you may be prone to heart disease.Dangers of having cholesterol too low
2.Not all cholesterol is bad
Cholesterol is spread around your body through small sachets called lipoproteins , which are made up of fats (lipids) and proteins. The body produces cholesterol of 2 types: HDL (high density lipoprotein) and LDL (low density lipoprotein).
- HDL cholesterol (high density lipoprotein): it is commonly known as the good cholesterol because it transports cholesterol to the liver so that it then removes it from your body.
- LDL cholesterol (low density lipoprotein): it is popularly known as the bad cholesterol because it is the main source of cholesterol that accumulates in the arteries, thus causing an increased risk of coronary heart disease.
Experts recommend checking blood cholesterol at least once every five years. The ideal is that the total cholesterol is less than 200 mg / dl .What level of cholesterol is healthy?
3.Genetics influences cholesterol
The familial hypercholesterolemia is a genetic disorder that is passed from parents to children. This disease causes the bad cholesterol (LDL) to be of high level from an early age due to the inability of the body to eliminate cholesterol from the blood. In these cases it is important to take a diet and exercise permanently. Also, in many cases, there are people who need to take life-long medications to keep cholesterol levels stable.
4.Diet and healthy lifestyle are essential to regulate cholesterol
When it comes to high cholesterol, the culprit of its elevation is saturated fat. According to one study, 10 percent of the daily caloric intake comes from saturated fats.
There is still debate about the amount of saturated fat that should be part of a healthy diet and what is the role it plays in health. However, it is advisable to eat more foods rich in fiber and proteins such as lentils and tofu.
We can also see that the package labels describe the levels of nutrition in each food. Although it is considered that dietary cholesterol could influence the level of blood, science has changed their thinking about it. For most people, the intake of cholesterol from foods would have a limited effect on their overall levels.How to eat a healthy diet to take care of cholesterol
Listening to the word high cholesterol sounds scary. That is why it is important to take into account the diet and lifestyle that is taken to control it.
Remember that high cholesterol and coronary heart disease do not happen from day to night, so it is essential to take all necessary precautions. If you are aware that high cholesterol is a family problem, consult your doctor and take the necessary steps to lead a healthier life.