As well as tobacco and alcohol, there are an increasing number of specialists who consider sugar to be a drug, much more dangerous than the first two. And it is not in vain that this position every day is more ingrained, since there are already several studies that have shown the close relationship that this carbohydrate maintains with several modern diseases.
The danger of this substance lies in the fact that, unlike others, sugar is ingested many times without noticing it. How can that be true?
If you are one of the people who think that sugar is only found in donuts, soft drinks and cakes, you could not be more wrong. Foods that do not have a sweet taste, sauces, canned foods and prepared foods are just some examples.
6 consequences of excessive sugar intake
1.Makes you gain weight
Several studies have shown that added sugar, mainly in beverages, is responsible for the increase in obesity rates worldwide. This is because foods rich in sugars are loaded with fructose, a type of simple sugar that, despite what many people think, increases appetite and desire to eat, much more than glucose. This leads, in some cases, to the body developing resistance to leptin , a hormone that tells the body to stop eating. This leads, of course, to an increase in weight.
Have you ever wondered what happens to the rest of the sugar you eat, when your body has already taken what it needed to function? It is stored by your endocrine system. But, and when do you ingest excess sugar and already your system stored what you had to save? Easy, it becomes fat.
The excessive intake of sugar, in addition to other habits with a sedentary lifestyle, is also related to a greater amount of visceral fat.
The liver is the only organ responsible for metabolizing fructose, converting it into glucose, which is why it is overloaded; therefore, the more fructose you eat the more work your liver will have. This excess leads to this organ to develop the disease known as non-alcoholic fatty liver.
As mentioned in the previous point, once the liver manages to store glycogen, the fructose converted to glucose, the excessive amounts become fat and this usually accumulates in your liver and other organs such as the heart. In this sense, different studies suggest that diets high in sugar, in addition to leading to obesity, generate high levels of triglycerides, blood sugar and blood pressure, all risk factors for heart disease, such as atherosclerosis characterized by deposits fatty that clog the arteries.
3.Appearance of acne and increased risk of type 2 diabetes
Processed and sugar-laden foods can increase the secretion of androgens, oil and inflammation, factors that help the development of acne. While it is true that the relationship between sugar intake and acne has not yet been firmly established, the close link between excessive intake of this carbohydrate and the risk of diabetes cannot be denied.
Prolonged intake of processed products with high sugar content causes your body to create insulin resistance. Remember that hormone is produced by the pancreas and is responsible for regulating blood sugar levels. Therefore, sugar increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
4.Increase the risk of suffering from some types of cancer
The excess sugar in the body increases the activity of a protein called b-catenin. This protein is closely linked to the proliferation of cancer cells.
Do you remember that in the previous point it is mentioned that the uncontrolled intake of sugar can trigger the risks of type 2 diabetes? Different studies have linked this type of diabetes with some types of cancer such as pancreatic cancer, colon cancer, uterine cancer and small bowel cancer, because the excess of insulin, among other factors, promote the development and growth of Carcinogenic cells.
Did you know that diabetes is considered an accelerated aging factor? Some studies have shown the body’s reaction to sugars. The same detail that the adhesion of sugar to the body’s proteins generates a phenomenon called glycation, which generates wrinkles, as it deteriorates tissues, collagen and elastin.
In other words, glycation is a chemical reaction that develops mainly in the dermis. When the glucose molecules that you consume through food react with the molecular protein structures, generating the cutaneous problems mentioned above.
As if this were not enough, the excessive intake of sugar accelerates the shortening of telomeres (a kind of cap that prevents the chromosomes from deteriorating or fusing). These structures are at the end of chromosomes, and they are molecules that contain some or all of your genetic information.
Although its shortening is a process that comes with time, sugars accelerate this process and therefore cellular aging of your body.
6.Increase the risk of suffering from depression
A series of studies have linked the consumption of foods saturated in processed sugar to the development of depressive behaviors. Despite considering other factors that contributed to this type of behavior, the result was that sugar has a lot to do with this issue.
Researchers think that the constant ups and downs of blood sugar, the deregulation of neurotransmitters and obesity, among other factors, can be the cause of the harmful effect of sugar on health , not only physical, but mental.
It has been shown that sweet foods induce positive feelings in the short term, however when consuming large quantities of these products, the long-term effects are contrary.
In the context of a balanced diet, sugar can and should be ingested. You must remember that the food you eat impacts your body and brain, and the best way to lead a healthy life, both physical and mental, is to take care of what you put in your mouth.
Following a nutrition plan and replacing sugars processed by nature (fruits, nuts, honey, among others) is a great start. Remember that it is not about subtracting, but replacing food with better ones, and adding benefits to your health.
If you do not take control of your diet now, you may be a long one of those who enroll in the negative statistics for the intake of this addictive carbohydrate.
Related Wiki Link: Why too much sugar is bad